Abarth is a racing car and road car maker founded by Carlo Abarth of Turin in 1949.[1] Its logo is a shield with a stylized scorpion on a red and yellow background.[2]

Abarth associated with Fiat in 1952, when it built the Abarth 1500 Biposto on Fiat mechanicals.[3]

In the 1960s, Abarth was successful in hillclimbing and sports car racing, mainly in classes from 850cc to 2000cc, competing with Porsche 904 and Ferrari Dino.[citation needed] Hans Herrmann was a factory driver from 1962 until 1965, winning the500 km Nürburgring in 1963 with Teddy Pilette.[citation needed]

Abarth promised Johann Abt that he could race a factory car for free if he won all the races he entered.[when?] Abt almost succeeded: Of the 30 races he entered, Abt won 29 and finished second once.[when?][citation needed] Abt later founded Abt Sportsline.

Abarth produced high-performance exhaust pipes, diversifying into tuning kits for road vehicles, mainly for Fiat. A racing exhaust was produced for the 1950s Lambretta models “D” and “LD”. Original Abarth LD exhausts are now valuable collectors items. Reproductions are available which carry the Abarth name, how Fiat feels about this is not known. Lambretta even held several 125cc Motorcycle land speed records during the 1950s thanks partly to the exhaust that Abarth developed for them.[4][5] Abarth also helped build sports or racing cars with Porsche and Simca.[citation needed]

Fiat bought Abarth on July 31, 1971; Enzo Osella bought the racing team.[citation needed] After Fiat bought it, Abarth became the racing department of Fiat, managed by engine designer Aurelio Lampredi.[citation needed] Some models built by Fiat or its subsidiaries Lancia and Autobianchi were co-branded Abarth, including the Autobianchi A112 Abarth, a popular “boy racer” because it was light weight and inexpensive.[citation needed] Abarth prepared Fiat’s rally cars, including the Fiat 124 Abarth and 131 Abarth.[citation needed]

In the 1980s Abarth name was mainly used to mark performance cars, such as the Fiat Ritmo Abarth 130 TC.[citation needed] The name was almost forgotten in 1990s.[citation needed]

In 2000s, Fiat used the Abarth brand to designate a trim/model level, as in the Fiat Stilo Abarth.[citation needed]

In 2007, Fiat Automobiles SpA relaunched the brand with the Grande Punto Abarth and the Grande Punto Abarth S2000. The brand is separate from the main Fiat brand. It is based in the Officine 83, part of the old Mirafiori engineering plant.[6] The CEO is Harald Wester.[7]

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